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Sunday, July 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of distributional aspects of a tax on externalities found in the catalog.

distributional aspects of a tax on externalities

Efraim Sadka

distributional aspects of a tax on externalities

by Efraim Sadka

  • 365 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by University of Wisconsin in Madison .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Taxation of articles of consumption -- Mathematical models.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementEfraim Sadka.
    SeriesDiscussion papers - Institute for Research on Poverty ; 385-76, Discussion papers (University of Wisconsin--Madison. Institute for Research on Poverty) -- 385.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination8 p. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16602192M

    A lifetime perspective on the distributional aspects of the tax system Richard Blundell, Mónica Costa Dias, Costas Meghir and Jonathan Shaw and Mike Brewer, Mónica Costa Dias and Jonathan Shaw IFS, UCL, Yale University and ISER University of Copenhagen February   Adele Morris and Aparna Mathur analyze the distributional implications of a $15 carbon tax imposed in on carbon in fossil fuels. After running numerous simulations, their findings suggest.

    Commentary on the Economic and Distributional Effects of Tax Expenditure Limits, in The Economics of Tax Policy (Auerbach & Smetters, eds., ), pp. Myopia and the Effects of Social Security and Capital Taxation on Labor Supply, National Tax Journal, vol. 68, (). [Olin Center WP]. positive effect of a fiscal rate reduction on the book expenditure of well-off households, where a one percentage point decrease in the VAT rate for books leads to an increase in expenditure by percent. JEL classification: H21, H31, I30, K34, Z11 Keywords: Cultural consumption, Book markets, Cultural policy, Value added tax, fiscal policy.

    Abstract. The aim of this paper is to argue the applicability of the Pigouvian tax on negative externalities such as carbon emissions. Our approach is based on the fierce debate between Pigou’s followers and opponents from which we can underline the tax’s primary flaws and advantages to enable us to propose a viable and efficient taxation system that would have a Author: Danuše Nerudová, Marian Dobranschi. The distributional effects of personal income tax expenditure. Silvia Avram. Abstract. Using EUROMOD, this study investigates the size and distributional effects of tax allowances and tax credits in 6 European countries. It also examines whether instrument design matters in shaping the redistributive effect, paying attention to both.


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Distributional aspects of a tax on externalities by Efraim Sadka Download PDF EPUB FB2

T!.e results. howe'er, may be tend~ in: very ~raig,htforward manner to the case of external economies as well. Sadka, Distributional aspects of a tax on externalities revenues are distributed back to the consumers, each one getting a lump-sum transfer which is exactly equal to his tax by: 3. DISTRIBUTIONAL ASPECTS OF TAX REFORM DURING THE PAST FIFTEEN YEARS Benjamin A.

Okner U.S. Treasury Department OTA Paper 35 October OTA Papers are circulated so that the preliminary findings of tax research conducted by Staff members and others associated with the Office of Tax Analysis may reach a wider audience. Downloadable (with restrictions).

Policymakers are beginning to appreciate the efficiency properties of pollution taxes, but concerns over equity remain.

In this paper, we assess the distributional aspects of three types of emissions fees for vehicles--a fee based on total annual emissions; a fee based on emissions rates, in grams per mile; and a fee based on annual Cited by: For the analysis of the distributional aspects of tax reforms in the presence of an externality through the choice of social weights for different individuals, see the work of.

Taxes on negative externalities are intended to make consumers/producers pay the full social cost of the good. This reduces consumption and creates a more socially efficient outcome.

If a good has a negative externality, without a tax, there will be over-consumption (Q1 where D=S) because people ignore the external costs.

Downloadable (with restrictions). The purpose of this paper is to explore the distributional aspects of a tax that is imposed in order to correct the detrimental effects of a production externality. In the general framework of a two-sector general equilibrium model, the author shows that A.

Harberger's classic results of tax incidence may change considerably because of the presence. Data and research on consumption tax including indirect tax topics such as Value Added Tax (VAT), Goods and Services Tax (GST), consumption taxes provisions, motor vehicles, tobacco and alcohol., The report examines the distributional effects of value-added tax (VAT) and excise tax systems in 20 OECD countries, and investigates the effectiveness of reduced VAT rates as.

We analyse distributional effects of four car-related tax instruments: an increase of the fuel tax, a new kilometre tax, an increased CO2-differentiated vehicle ownership tax, and a CO2. Get this from a library.

The distributional effects of environmental policy. [Ysé Serret; Nick Johnstone; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Environment Directorate.;] -- This publication builds upon existing literature to examine disparities in the distribution of environmental impacts and in the distribution of financial effects among households.

The distributional effect of a carbon tax is very complex and influenced by many factors. These factors may include household consumption patterns, production structures of enterprises and competition between them, distribution of co-benefits from improved environment quality, and the carbon tax design.

3 Among these factors, the carbon tax design, especially the use of the Cited by: The Pigouvian tax lowers the after-tax price to $ The factory’s surplus is the area above the MPC line and below the line for a price of $ = × 80 × ( – ) = $6, The Pigouvian tax has to lower the after-tax price from $ to $, so it is $ Get this from a library.

The Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy. [Ysé Serret; Nick Johnstone] -- Annotation This publication is a milestone in the analysis of the distributional impacts of environmental policy, building upon existing literature to simultaneously examine disparities in the.

Treasury’s Distribution Methodology and Results. One of the principal tasks undertaken by the Treasury Department’s Office of Tax Analysis (OTA) is the analysis of the distribution of tax burdens.

OTA’s distributional analyses show how federal taxes and proposed changes in tax law affect the distribution of after-tax income across families. This week, JCT published a distributional analysis that examined most of the effects of that legislation on revenues and on the portion of refundable tax credits recorded as outlays—including effects on premium tax credits stemming from eliminating the penalty associated with the requirement that most people obtain health insurance coverage.

The seventh edition of Economics of the Environment: Selected Readings has just been published by Edward Elgar Publishing, and I’m pleased to bring this new volume to your attention.

The book is a compendium of some of the best and most timely articles by a dream team of environmental economists. Previous editions have served as a valuable supplement to environmental.

conclusion that the Pigovian tax solution is only applicable under ideal com-petitive conditions. Finally, distributional aspects of optimal taxation are of particular interest in the context of environmental externalities, where there has been a good deal of concern about the distributional impact of economic policies.

The Distributional Effects of Tax Taxes and Surplus Taught By. José J. Vázquez-Cognet. Clinical Professor. Try the Course for Free. Transcript >>. So the best way to analyze this, this example is by doing, by using a little bit of graphs.

And then summarizing what we have in the graph. I just finished reading a great book that substantially changed how I think about economics - "Economism: Bad Economics and the Rise of Inequality" by James Kwak.

In a nutshell, the book describes "economism" - which has also been called "Econ ism".It is the over-reliance on basic microeconomic principles (the kind I teach in my principles of microeconomics course). One of the available and yet controversial tools in cultural policy at the national level is the reduction of VAT rates for cultural goods and services.

We document the standard and reduced VAT rates in EU countries in the period from to and explore the underlying determinants. We further introduce a simple theoretical framework to explain how reduced Cited by: 7. Externality Taxes. The most practiced economic instrument to address market externality is a tax.

Those who purchase gasoline are likely to pay the sum of the price required by the gasoline station owner to cover his costs (and any economic profit he has the power to generate) plus a tax on each unit of gasoline that covers the externality cost of gasoline consumption such as air. The Distributional Impact of Taxes and Transfers The Distributional Impact of Taxes and Transfers Evidence from Eight Low- and Chapter 8 The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in South Africa Gabriela Inchauste, Nora Lustig, Mashekwa Maboshe, Catriona Purfield, and Ingrid Woolard.Tax credits and non-standard deductions and exemptions are also likely to generate household re-ranking thus contributing to horizontal inequality.

2. Albeit offering valuable insights into the distributional consequences of tax relief, these studies suffer from a few shortcomings. First, because tax returns do not include information aboutCited by: 4.The distributional effects of ad valorem who purchase the commodity or service sales and excise taxes are commonly de- for final personal consumption, but also termined by comparing the relative effect on the pattern of intermediate uses to of a tax increase on families of different which the commodity or service is put and income levels.